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JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology

Information Sheet: Click image

JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology

Current Research

A sample of graveyards is being investigated to understand how they have developed, and to identify the changes in monument types, materials, decoration, and form of text over time. The role of religion has played a very significant part in Irish society, and is manifested in regional graveyards and their monuments. 

The regions of north Cork, eastern and central County Limerick are being investigated to reveal regional patterns in monument form, materials and the work of particular masons or schools of carving. Text, symbols, and monument forms indicate denominational preferences.

Niall Fitzpatrick Illustration

Current Research Project

The survey, reinstatement and reconstruction of a vernacular cottage complex in Baile an tSleibhe, West Galway.

Blackwater~Archaeology are recording, surveying and digitizing the remains of many of the abandoned cottages situated along the Glencullen River Valley and in the townland of Largan, County Mayo.

A three-phase project: Phase I: Formation Process

JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology

Ongoing Research Project

The Blackwater Valley Project is currently examining the architectural impact of the fortified/plantation house in the Blackwater valley region of North Cork 1580-1650. The project includes several integrated components, archaeological and archival research, and education.

JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology


Over the past six decades, studies concerning Irish fortified houses have identified them as a transitional genre that emerged at the end of the sixteenth century and acted as an architectural bridge between the Irish medieval tower-house and the country manor house of the late seventeenth century. The fortified house drew on the earlier tradition of the tower-house and was influenced by the Tudor and emerging Jacobean architecture from England and the Classical and Military architecture coming from Continental Europe. The social, political and military changes that took place from the 1580s-1650s were to play a major role in the development of this unique Irish structure. These houses provided a comfortable living space for the elite of early seventeenth-century Irish society. They were fashionable yet defendable. The fortified house was a public display of power and wealth. They represented a long-term investment in their owner’s regional future and were monuments to an aspiration for an English and Continental house style suited to local Irish conditions. On a basic level the construction of a fortified house represented the owners desire to modernise and Anglicize.


JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology


The Fortified Houses of Cork: Click image below for an information sheet overview from Blackwater~Archaeology Research

JP Nunan Blackwater~Archaeology


Blackwater~Archaeology: Archaeological Research